Thermal power plants (TPPs) are significant because they are the main way that we make electricity in the world.
TTPs can be fueled by numerous sources, including but not limited to – coal, nuclear gas, solar, water, and geothermal.
In simple terms, the fuel is started on fire in an incinerator room, making heat. That heat in turn boils water, in a boiler room. The steam from the heated water is directed towards a turbine, at a high pressure. The turbine is made up of fan blades that spin and that spinning motion then spins a generator.
The generator is what creates electricity by turning the kinetic (motion) energy into electric energy, aka electricity.
TPPs also have a smokestack, which is how the hot gases and debris escape the plant and float into the air and atmosphere. Carbon dioxide, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide, and particulate matter are the main components of these gases and debris.
Emissions equipment is being used more and more, however, to capture these gases and debris to contain and potentially reuse them in some way.
Finally, there is the condenser or cooling tower. This unit turns leftover steam into water. The water may be reused or put back into the environment.
The thermal power plant is the most prevalent mode of creating electricity. Click here to check out a map of all the thermal power plants that exist in America.
Have you ever visited one? What do you think about the way we make electricity?
In Soil We Trust,